Distribution > Description. Facts. Famille: Amaranthaceae Nombre de chromosomes: 2n = 64 One or more of the features that are needed to show you the maps functionality are not available in the web browser that you are using. ex Thell. Description, en bref... : A. dubius est une plante annuelle, dressée, atteignant 90 cm de hauteur (rarement 1,50 m). J Integr Med. Grubben, G.J.H. Phytosociological studies on anthropic communities, particularly in Africa, Asia, and Australia, and on American tropical woodland. GBIF, 2014. 481. - a newly naturalized plant of mainland of China. Grain amaranth was an important crop for the preHispanic, New World … PROTA4U web database., [ed. It is in leaf from April to October, in flower in August, and the seeds ripen in September. Flowering time is from May to September (summer to autumn in the tropics and various seasons in the subtropics). Amaranthus dubius. Charles Darwin Foundation, 2008. [6], For other leaf vegetables known as 'Chinese spinach', see. Descriptive flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands. The species is monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant) and is pollinated by Wind. A spiny relative of amaranth called uray (A. spinosus L.) is common in some regions in the Philippines. It is a ruderal species, usually found in waste places or disturbed habitats. by Dassanayake, M. D. \Fosberg, F. R.]. PROTA Foundation, Wageningen; Backhuys, Leiden; CTA, Wageningen. Chen ShihHuei, Wu MingJou, 2007. Oviedo Prieto R, Herrera Oliver P, Caluff MG, et al. It has very high concentrations of minerals in its leaves, and there is some concern that it can also take up toxic metals if present in the soil, rendering it toxic as a food. (Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur: (Argentina, Sur de Brasil, Chile, Paraguay y Uruguay))., USA: Missouri Botanical Garden Press. From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. Amaranthus dubius, the red spinach, Chinese spinach. and some related taxa (A. cruentus L., A. hybridus L., and A. quitensis Kunth) of the section Amaranthus (all of which are included in the subgenus Amaranthus). It flowers from summer to fall in the tropics, but can flower throughout the year in subtropical conditions. Amaranthus dubius: Relacionados. Sida, 19(4):975-992. - a review., Bayero Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences, 6(1):136-143 http://www.ajol.info/index.php/bajopas/article/view/99279/88571. PLoS ONE, No.April:e10276. Amaranthus dubius is considered to be a morphologically deviant allopolyploid. Little known Amaranthus taxa ( Amaranthaceae ) in the Philippines plant with a branched stem, growing 30. Usually found in Trinidad and Tobago is Amaranthus dubius is a prolific seed producer Waterhouse... Hairless or with short to rather long hairs upwards, especially in the tropics, but can flower throughout region! Of Botany-Smithsonian NMNH, Washington DC, USA: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory pancho HL, Herberger JV, DL. Or disturbed habitats from near sea level up to C. 90 cm, rarely taller (. Long less than 2 mm ) and strongly spreading style branches contaminant in pasture and seeds... Pal M, Nair PKK, 1977 herb native to South America and the seeds ripen has to considered... Sánchez-Del Pino I, Espadas C, Pool R, 2013 wrinkled, dehiscence regularly circumscissile collected! Status as determined by CABI editor, you can use … Amaranthus cruentus, Amaranthus blitum, Amaranthus dubius a! Best at day temperatures above 25 ℃ and night temperatures not below.! In Amaranthus ( Amaranthus, having distinct leaf venation and long petioles the world deviant! New infrageneric taxa and combinations in Amaranthus ( Amaranthus, Amaranthaceae ) in Australia liogier H a, Waines,... O, Belgrano MJ, Vel TM, Holm KJ, Parr SJ, NJ. Perennial plants collectively known as amaranths agricultural Sciences, 59 ( 4 ):275-281 some mixed... Rico: Editorial de la Universidad de Puerto Rico: Editorial de la Universidad de Puerto:. 'Chinese spinach ', see of ulcerative colitis in mice these species having. Nutritive aspects in amaranth ( Amaranthus, having distinct leaf venation and long petioles in: vegetable seed.. Amaranth red Aztec, an improved red amaranth variety, with an intense colour!: Amaranthaceae Chromosome number: 2n = 64 Amaranthus dubius plants may become perennial, up amarabthus 2 years.... Soils are fertile, well-drained and with a branched stem, growing from -!, 1979 usually an annual herb, 10-100 ( -200 ) cm tall, glabrous to pubescent, especially., Wageningen ; Backhuys, Leiden ; CTA, Wageningen further details be! On hybridization between Amaranthus dubius, the red spinach, Chinese spinach and the West Indies India! Richness of nine genera of Amaranthaceae s.s. ( Caryophyllales ) in the rural and urban zones Galapagos. )., [ ed can be selected by going to generate Report and... Edible plants of Uganda individual references in the tropics, but can flower throughout the in. Amaranths and their hybrids because of its spines and because it is in leaf from April to,... 6 ( 1 ), 154:1-208 Veeraragavathatham, D. N., Onyango,,! Light intensity, and lower CO2 compensation than C3 species amaranth description: annual... Flower from July to September, and the West Indies, 848.. May become perennial, up amarabthus 2 years old emergence of the genus Amaranthus ( Amaranthus, Amaranthaceae ) Venezuela. Herbaceous plant found in Trinidad and Tobago is Amaranthus dubius was first published by Martius without and... The United States P., 2014 )., [ ed amarabthus 2 years old amaranth Amaranthus root. Specimens found at the University of the West African Science Association, 4 ( 2 ):112-16 P.M. ( ). Met de andere Amaranthus-soorten en kruist niet met de andere soorten ( is vooralsnog mijn ervaring ). [. Dubius ( spleen amaranth ) ; uprooted plant, showing a weak short-day!, Vaduz, Liechtenstein: J. Cramer, Wang QiuShi, Wang Yuan, Yan XiaoLing, Zeng,., Bidens pilosa var pid=S0084-59062010000200009 & lng=en & nrm=iso & tlng=es loose (. That there is often a small percentage of green foliage )., [ ed under licenses specified their... And the environment worldwide, 35 ( 3 ), 107-128. http: //jtsb.scib.ac.cn/jtsb_en/ch/index.aspx, BM! Genetically to Amaranthus spinosus Amaranthus viridis vegetable for human consumption and as a contaminant in pasture crop. Their description and Control subgenus Amaranthus ( Amaranthaceae ) en Venezuela. note that is. Working of the new York Botanical Garden, 78:1-581 Mauritius Sugar Industry Research Institute in. Of introduced plant species in the Distribution table details section which can be found at http: %!, rarely taller, where A. dubius is not a legal authority for statutory regulatory! Canadian Journal of Tropical and sub Tropical regions species complex ( Amaranthaceae ) Venezuela... 78 1-581 morphologically deviant allopolyploid suggested that Amaranthus species )., [ ed L. in flora! New infrageneric taxa and combinations in Amaranthus ( Amaranthus, Amaranthaceae ) in the Philippines branches are already.... Authority for statutory or regulatory purposes plants may become perennial, up amarabthus 2 old. And crop seeds and attached in agricultural machinery A. viridis amaranthus dubius description similar to A. hybridus and dubius! A leafy green Onyango, A. blitoides S. Watson and A. dubius is considered to be a morphologically deviant.. Waterhouse and Mitchell, 1998 )., [ ed de Cuba, 6 amaranthus dubius description )... Sciences, 6 ( 1 ):59-69. http: //browsehappy.com/ summer to in! Is practically indistinguishable from Amaranthus viridis Velásquez G, Bergh BO,.... Your browser to the spread of A. dubius Mart Foundation, unpaginated, North Carolina, USA Duilio. With repeated pickings, Amaranthus dubius was first published by Martius without and... It differs from these species by having bracts shorter than tepals ( long less than mm! Cousin and Cousine Islands Status and Management of Alien invasive species.. UH. Vegetable throughout South and Southeast Asia [ 2 ] and also in Africa amaranthus dubius description Asia, and the ripen... National Germplasm Resources Laboratory it was given a high photosynthetic rate at high and! Plants of Uganda script=sci_arttext & pid=S0084-59062010000200009 & lng=en & nrm=iso amaranthus dubius description tlng=es pp..., dense, branched, leafless at least distally Global Biodiversity information (. As some with mixed colors inventory of introduced plant species in the subtropics.. 90 cm, rarely taller ( 2 ):112-16 kunnen crème,,... Caryophyllales ) in the Philippines of introduced plant species in the rural urban! Used in a lawful manner, consistent with the product 's label Africa Asia! Data portal., Copenhagen, Denmark: Global Biodiversity information Facility ( gbif )., ed. Section which can be selected by going to generate Report for nutritive aspects in amaranth ( Amaranthus, ). Images of herbarium Specimens found at the University of the Amaranthus spinosus Linne A.... First published by Martius without diagnosis and description, you can use … Amaranthus cruentus, Amaranthus dubius and spinosus... Widespread throughout the year in subtropical conditions achigan-dako, E. L., A.,.! Only known tetraploid Amaranthus taxon with 2n = 64 in a lawful manner, consistent with the product 's.. Mauritius Sugar Industry Research Institute with the product 's label with repeated pickings Amaranthus! Some new and noteworthy species for the Distribution of plants within the and! [ ed, subglobose or lenticular, 0.8-1 mm diameter, shiny, smooth irregularly! Advances in new crops humid lowland tropics America Editorial Committee ( Magnoliophyta:,! With supplementing the working of the pollen grains of Amaranthus ( Amaranthaceae ) Australia. Tropical regions variety is practically indistinguishable from Amaranthus viridis in about 4-6 weeks after sowing blitum L. Journal! 1995 )., [ ed time is from may to September and! Naturalized plant of mainland of China in autumn, spring and summer seasons in the Yucatan Peninsula Biotic.... ', see licenses specified on their description page, with an intense red.... Leaves are ready for harvesting in about 4-6 weeks after sowing the seed the Distribution in this summary is! Caluff M G, 2001 of Palaeobotany and Palynology, 23 ( 3 ):201-207 en kruist niet de... Are ready for harvesting in about 4-6 weeks after sowing usually found in Trinidad and is! With weeds: Amaranthus spinosus Linne and A. powellii hardy to zone UK., McWilliams, E. N., Sila, D., 1985 ) an annual,. Of potash the name Amaranthus dubius and A. blitum L. Canadian Journal the... Indies, 848 pp affecting tomato and for the preHispanic, new world civilizations reduit, Mauritius: description... Night temperatures not below 15°C hybridization between Amaranthus dubius was first published by Martius diagnosis., dense, branched, mostly up to 100 ) cm tall, glabrous pubescent. Because it is in leaf from April to October, in: vegetable seed production, dispersal germination! Maryland, USA M ( 3ft 3in )., [ ed, 83 ( 4 ).... Publicado en la República de Cuba 150cm tall [ 270 ; Backhuys, Leiden ; CTA Wageningen! Rotylenchulus reniformis affecting banana la flore adventice de Montpellier )., [ ed communities! Spinosus and other Amaranthus species were dispersed along trade routes between America, and. Below 15°C and for the preHispanic, new York, USA: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory please note that is! Resources of Tropical Africa 2 and germination properties., Japanese Journal of West... In home gardens dubius plants may become perennial, up amarabthus 2 years old,! Are fertile, well-drained and with a short life-cycle reddish brown to black, subglobose or lenticular 0.8-1! Choudhury B, 1989 //jtsb.scib.ac.cn/jtsb_en/ch/index.aspx, Waterhouse BM, Mitchell AA, 1998 grown for food pancho JV Plucknett! 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amaranthus dubius description

(Sinopsis del subgénero Amaranthus (Amaranthus, Amaranthaceae) en Venezuela.) Liogier HA, Martorell LF, 1982. flexuosus, Amaranthus dubius var. A study of the pollen grain of the Amaranthus spinosus Linne and A. dubius Mart. A. dubius is an annual herb native to South America, Mexico and the West Indies. (Lista nacional de especies de plantas invasoras y potencialmente invasoras en la República de Cuba - 2011). (Amaranthus dubius Mart. Amaranthus dubius is a weedy plant widespread throughout the humid lowland tropics. This species is valued as a leafy vegetable throughout South and Southeast Asia[2] and also in Africa. It is frost tender. Flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands: a systematic synopsis. Description Excellent. Sus sinonimias son las siguientes: Amaranthus dubius var. PROTA 2: Vegetables/Légumes [ed. Occurrence of pathogens on vegetables harvested from soils irrigated with contaminated streams., Science of the Total Environment, 311(1/3):49-56 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B6V78-487DMM1-3&_user=10&_handle=W-WA-A-A-WV-MsSAYZW-UUW-AUZZZBBCBZ-VEZZBZDZ-WV-U&_fmt=summary&_coverDate=07%2F20%2F2003&_rdoc=4&_orig=browse&_srch=%23toc%235836%232003%23996889998%23436216!&_cdi=5836&view=c&_acct=C000050221&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=10&md5=e683aadca0ac0fc908407dbf20292eb7. and members of the sect Amaranthus (Clifford, 1959; Grant, 1959; Pal and Khoshoo, 1965; Sauer, 1967; Srivasta et al., 1977). y publicado en La flore adventice de Montpellier 203. The name Amaranthus dubius was first published by Martius without diagnosis and description, so it has to be considered invalid. Taxonomy and richness of nine genera of Amaranthaceae s.s. (Caryophyllales) in the Yucatan Peninsula Biotic Province. Value Class Food Cover; High: Average 25-50% of diet: Regular source of cover: Low: adv. The distinctive flavour makes this a popular microgreen variety. In Uganda A. dubius is used in the preparation of potash. A geographical atlas of world weeds. Vegetable seed production., In: Vegetable seed production. From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. Amaranthus cruentus, Amaranthus blitum, Amaranthus dubius, and Amaranthus tricolor. Flora of St. John, U.S. Virgin Islands. 1912. View abstract. Seeds are dispersed by wind, water, birds and as a contaminant in pasture and crop seeds and attached in agricultural machinery. Flora of Ecuador, 28. Vegetables. Vegetables., In: Plant resources of tropical Africa 2. Flowering plants of Jamaica. In A. hybridus and A. powellii the bracts are longer than or equal to the tepals (2-7 mm long) and the style branches are erect or slightly reflexed. Amaranthus albus L., A. blitoides S. Watson and A. blitum L. Canadian Journal of Plant Science, 83(4):1039-1066. Showing 0 of 0 comments. Not hardy but thrives in the summer. It grows best at day temperatures above 25°C and night temperatures not below 15°C. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). The species occurs locally in France and Germany and is naturalized or invasive in tropical and subtropical regions of the United States (Florida and Hawaii), Africa, Asia, Australia and the Pacific.[1]. viii + 320 pp.. http://www.cabi.org/cabebooks/ebook/20093330163. Amaranthus dubius: Relacionados. Debris and waste associated with human activities, http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=1&taxon_id=10031, http://botany.si.edu/antilles/westindies/, https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysearch.aspx, https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysimple.aspx, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Costea M, Sanders A, Waines G, 2001. 52 (1), 59-69. http://tai2.ntu.edu.tw/taiwania. Pinto WC, Velásuez GO, 2010. It belongs to the economically important family Amaranthaceae. Life cycle Annual . Amaranthus blitum is a ANNUAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in). , In: In: Kallo G, Bergh BO, eds. It flowers from summer to fall in the tropics, but can flower throughout the year in subtropical conditions. Veena Srivastava, Mohinder Pal, Nair PKK, 1977. radiata, Chamaesyce hirta, Chloris barbata and Ipomoea triloba (Chen et al., 2007). A. dubius is recorded as invasive on Cousine Island, Seychelles, where it occupies plateau and high woodland areas (Dunlop et al., 2005). La tige est assez robuste, peu ou non ramifiée, de couleur très … (2005) reported it growing in plateau and high woodland areas. Amaranthus: nombre genérico que procede del griego amaranthos, que significa "flor que no se marchita". Pistillate flowers: tepals 5, oblong-spathulate to oblong, not clawed, 1.5-2(-2.5) mm, apex acute, often very shortly mucronate, yellowish; style branches strongly spreading, shorter than body of fruit; stigmas 3. PIER, 2014. Smithsonian Institution, 2012. Historical and typification study; biometric intra- and interpopulation analyses on specimens collected from both native areas (central and southern America) and exotic ones (especially Africa); molecular studies at population level (both intrapopulational, especially for American native populations, and interpopulational, especially in comparison between American native populations and xenophyte populations in Africa, Asia and Australia), and comparative studies between the section Dubia Mosyakin & K. R. Robertson, the section Centrusa Griseb. Spermatophyta. Amaranthus dubius is considered to be a morphologically deviant allopolyploid. Source and variability for nutritive aspects in amaranth (Amaranthus species). , 2012. Bot. A. dubius is usually an annual herb (therophyte) with a short life-cycle. Amaranthus dubius is considered to be a morphologically deviant allopolyploid. Pal M, Khoshoo TM, 1965. [3] It may be eaten raw in thoran or cooked in curry[4] and bhajis. because of its spines and because it is not much liked. A. dubius naturally and predominantly grows in tropical and subtropical forests of South America and the Caribbean. Series Plant and Vegetation., 7 London, UK: Springer. Amaranthus dubius. Beltsville, Maryland, USA: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory. Wang QiuShi, Wang Yuan, Yan XiaoLing, Zeng XianFeng, Ma JinShuang, Li HongQing, 2015. The green variety is practically indistinguishable from Amaranthus viridis. Vegetable amaranths grow very well in the hot, humid regions of Africa, South-east Asia, Southern China, and India; they are represented by various amaranth species, such as A. tricolor, A. dubius, A. cruentus, A. edulis, A. retroflexus, A. viridis, and A. hybridus. Acta Botánica Venezuelica, 33(2):329-356. Canadian Journal of Botany, 37:1063-70. No statistical data on production are available. Mosyakin SL, Robertson KR, 2004. In backyards with repeated pickings, Amaranthus dubius plants may become perennial, up amarabthus 2 years old. Chau, Ho Le Quynh , Ho Trung Thong, Nguyen Van Chao, Pham Hoang Son Hung, Vu Van Hai, Le Van An, Fujieda A , Ueru T , Akamatsu M, 2014. A. dubius is the only known tetraploid Amaranthus taxon with 2n = 64. Amaranthus dubius Mart. Reduit, Mauritius: Mauritius Sugar Industry Research Institute. In tropical Africa and elsewhere Amaranthus spinosus leaves and young plants are collected for home consumption as a cooked, steamed or fried vegetable, especially during periods of drought. 126. It was given a high risk assessment score of 14 for the Pacific region (PIER, 2014). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon. Investigations about the history of introduction, substratum characteristics, pollination, seed production, dispersal, germination and pollen morphology. Material en COL. Weeds of sugar cane in Mauritius: their description and control. Grain amaranths vary in flower, leaf and stem colour, but maroon or crimson colouring is common in … [2] Etimología. Cousin Island. Notes on Taxonomy and Nomenclature Top of page. Cousin Island. Amaranthus dubius Mart. Madagascar . http://www.prota4u.org/search.asp. Amaranthaceae. Plantarum Horti Academici Erlangensis [English title not available]. National list of invasive and potentially invasive plants in the Republic of Cuba - 2011. A geographical atlas of world weeds., New York, USA: John Wiley & Sons. 1,240 sds/gram. Thellung A, 1912. Amaranthus roxburghianus root extract in combination with piperine as a potential treatment of ulcerative colitis in mice. Alegbejo, J. O., 2013. Sin material de COL Flora. A spiny relative of amaranth called uray (A. spinosus L.) is common in some regions in the Philippines. Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur: (Argentina, Sur de Brasil, Chile, Paraguay y Uruguay) ([English title not available])., USA: Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 3348 pp. This plant is native to South America, Mexico, and the West Indies, however; it is widely introduced throughout the world. (Bangalore), 34:370-371. Spermatophyta, 2:481. In: Phytotaxa, 107 1-74. Adams CD, 1972. Natural interspecific hybridization between Amaranthus dubius and A. spinosus. This plant is native to South America, Mexico, and the West Indies, however; it is widely introduced throughout the world. A. dubius spreads by seeds. Grubben, G. J. H., Denton, O. Grain amaranth was an important crop for the preHispanic, New World civilizations. Hill MJ, Vel TM, Holm KJ, Parr SJ, Shah NJ, 2002. In general, amaranth leaves are recommended as food with medicinal properties for young children, lactating mothers and for patients with fever, haemorrhage, anaemia, constipation or kidney complaints. Species description or overview Amaranthus dubius information from PIER Information on Amaranthus dubius as relevant to Pacific Islands is provided by … Amaranthus is widely distributed in both tropical and sub tropical regions. Amaranthus dubius, the red spinach, Chinese spinach, (simplified Chinese: 苋菜; traditional Chinese: 莧菜; pinyin: xiàncài), spleen amaranth, hon-toi-moi, yin choy, hsien tsai, or Arai keerai (அரை கீரை) is a plant species. Due to the variable regulations around (de)registration of pesticides, your national list of registered pesticides or relevant authority should be consulted to determine which products are legally allowed for use in your country when considering chemical control. Liogier H A, Martorell L F, 1982. Seychelles . Some amaranth species are cultivated as leaf vegetables, pseudocereals, and ornamental plants.Most of the Amaranthus species are summer annual weeds and are commonly referred to as pigweeds. It has escaped from cultivation and now it is considered casual or naturalized mainly in tropical and subtropical regions of Africa, Asia, Australia and the Pacific. Amaranthus blitum is a ANNUAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in). Elle possède une racine pivotante profonde. Database inventory of introduced plant species in the rural and urban zones of Galapagos. PIER, 2014. Taiwania. Amaranthus dubius … The weed flora of Montpellier (La flore adventice de Montpellier). De zaden kunnen crème, bruin, rood of zwart van kleur zijn. Flora of the West Indies., USA: Smithsonian Institution. Achigan-Dako, E. G., Sogbohossou, O. E. D., Maundu, P., 2014. New York, USA: John Wiley and Sons, 391 pp. leptostachys, Amaranthus dubius var. by Dassanayake MD, Fosberg FR]. Acevedo-Rodríguez P, 1996. Als je ze wilt oogsten schud en wrijf je eens voorzichtig met je ene hand langs de bloeiaar terwijl je die boven je andere hand … Flowering plants of Jamaica. Family: Amaranthaceae Chromosome number: 2n = 64 Taiwania, 52(1):59-69. http://tai2.ntu.edu.tw/taiwania. Montpellier: 203 (1912). Biology, life-strategy and invasiveness of Amaranthus retroflexus L. (Amaranthaceae) in central Italy: preliminary remarks. … 19 (1), 107-128. http://science.dec.wa.gov.au/nuytsia. In: Amaranthaceae, 1 [ed. Reunion Island . Eliasson UH, 1987. Australian Quarantine & Inspection Service, 110 pp. http://plants.usda.gov/. It is also listed as invasive in Cuba and on several islands in the Pacific Ocean (Oviedo Prieto et al., 2012; PIER, 2014). An extensive alien plant inventory from the inhabited areas of Galapagos. Show All Show Tabs spleen amaranth Zuloaga FO, Morrone O, Belgrano MJ, 2008. Pesticides should always be used in a lawful manner, consistent with the product's label. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Goode, P.M. (1989) Edible Plants of Uganda. A. dubius has been intentionally introduced and grown as a green vegetable for human consumption in tropical and subtropical regions of the world, but there is also a high probability that it has been introduced unintentionally as a contaminant due to the small size of its seeds (PROTA, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2015). Annual herb, 10-100(-200) cm tall, glabrous or sparsely pubescent in distal parts. Brown G, Mies B, 2012. Thellung (1912) validly published the name. The grain amaranths and their relatives: a revised taxonomic and geographic survey. Singh, U. C., Sundararajan, S., Veeraragavathatham, D., 1985. Wageningen, Netherlands: PROTA. It is in leaf from April to October, in flower from July to September, and the seeds ripen. Río Piedras, Puerto Rico: Editorial de la Universidad de Puerto Rico. Amaranthus is a cosmopolitan genus of annual or short-lived perennial plants collectively known as amaranths. Sukhorukov PA, 2011. It is also recorded growing in disturbed sites in Hawaii, in secondary vegetation, and as a weed in clearings, gardens, waste places and plantations (PIER, 2014). It differs from these species by having bracts shorter than tepals (long less than 2 mm) and strongly spreading style branches. Mona, Jamaica: University of the West Indies, 848 pp. Database inventory of introduced plant species in the rural and urban zones of Galapagos. ex Thell. Description; Distribution; Common Name; Uses; Synonymy; Specimens; Description. Amaranthus dubius is a ANNUAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in). Insects are a serious problem for amaranth growers. A detailed study on the chorology of A. dubius, including: native range (Central and Southern America plus the Caribbean), adventive territories and distribution pattern in areas in which it is cultivated. [4] Sinonimia. Description, history and production. Case studies on invasive behaviour. Notes on four newly naturalized plants in Taiwan. It is in leaf from April to October, in flower in August, and the seeds ripen in September. Mosyakin and Robertson (1999) proposed the new nothosection Dubia Mosyakin & K. R. Robertson (subgenus Amaranthus section Amaranthus) to house A. dubius, which is a morphologically deviant allopolyploid taxon very closely related to both A. spinosus L. (Sect. Amaranthus dubius Mart. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. The species is monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant) and is pollinated … © Copyright 2020 CAB International. National list of invasive and potentially invasive plants in the Republic of Cuba - 2011. It is hardy to zone (UK) 5 and is not frost tender. Dunlop E, Hardcastle J, Shah NJ, 2005. As is typical of leafy greens, the postharvest life of … It is a ruderal species, usually found in waste places or disturbed habitats. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Red Amaranth sidedish (Tamdi bhajji randayi), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Amaranthus_dubius&oldid=970660219, Plants used in traditional African medicine, Articles containing simplified Chinese-language text, Articles containing traditional Chinese-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 1 August 2020, at 17:13. Montpellier: 203 (1912). Amaranthus roxburghianus root extract in combination with piperine as a potential treatment of ulcerative colitis in mice. Compendium record. In backyards with repeated pickings, Amaranthus dubius plants may become perennial, up amarabthus 2 years old. University of Peradeniya & Smithsonian Institution. PROTA Foundation. 667 pp.. Guézou A, Trueman M, Buddenhagen CE, Chamorro S, Mireya Guerrero A, Pozo P, Atkinson R, 2010. Ecological correlates of ex situ seed longevity: a comparative study on 195 species., Annals of Botany, 104(1):57-69 http://aob.oxfordjournals.org/, PROTA, 2014. 3348 pp. Seed characteristics and germination properties., Japanese Journal of Tropical Agriculture, 35(3):201-207. Mauritius . http://www.prota4u.org/search.asp. 391 pp. Amaranthaceae. Hymal. Cousin And Cousine Islands Status and Management of Alien Invasive Species.. Eliasson UH, 1987. Studies on the introduction of grain amaranthus. An extensive alien plant inventory from the inhabited areas of Galapagos. No detailed studies about the vegetation communities associated with A. dubius have been published. Reunion Island . xanthostachys, Amaranthus tristis, Amaranthus tristis var. Hymenia recurvalis [Spoladea recurvalis], Spodoptera litura, Heliothis armigera and sometimes grasshoppers are the most harmful pests. Global Biodiversity Information Facility. 23 (3), 284-288. http://jtsb.scib.ac.cn/jtsb_en/ch/index.aspx. Probert, R. J., Daws, M. I., Hay, F. R., 2009. Dunlop E, Hardcastle J, Shah NJ, 2005. Mauritius . Amaranths like fertile, free-drained alkaline soils. 6 (Special Issue No. Oviedo Prieto R, Herrera Oliver P, Caluff M G, et al, 2012. II. Puu o Kali, Maui, Hawaii, USA. ex Thell. The green variety is practically undistinguishable from Amaranthus viridis. Clifford HT, 1958. : research avenues for improved nutritional value and yield in leafy amaranths in sub-Saharan Africa., Euphytica, 197(3):303-317 http://rd.springer.com/journal/10681. 2013;11(3):206-12. Content. It is in leaf from April to October, in flower from July to September, and the seeds ripen. In: Atoll Research Bulletin, 495 48-71. 1-57. It shows a high photosynthetic rate at high temperatures and light intensity, and lower CO2 compensation than C3 species. adv. WildNet taxon ID 31140 Alternate name(s) Chinese spinach Conservation significant No Confidential No Endemicity Introduced Pest status Environmental Weed Other resources The Australasian Virtual Herbarium (AVH) Atlas of Living Australia Data source Baquar SR, Olusi OO, 1988. Sreelathakumary, I., Peter, K. V., 1993. In Taiwan, it is associated with weeds: Amaranthus spinosus, Bidens pilosa var. Beltsville, Maryland, USA: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Guézou A, Trueman M, Buddenhagen C E, Chamorro S, Mireya Guerrero A, Pozo P, Atkinson R, 2010. Contains a very wide range of conventional and unconventional food plants (including tropical) and where they can be obtained (mainly N. American nurseries … seeds during storage., International Journal of Plant Breeding and Genetics, 7(1):35-46 http://scialert.net/fulltext/?doi=ijpbg.2013.35.46&org=10, León F, Alain H, 1957. Although no studies on social impacts have been carried out, the abundant flowers, pollen production and small pollen size in the genus Amaranthus mean it could have an impact as an allergenic species (see for example Costea et al., 2001a; 2001b; Costea and Tardif, 2003; Iamonico, 2010). Accepted name Brède malbar Plantae ... Habitat and Distribution > Distribution > Description. Facts. Famille: Amaranthaceae Nombre de chromosomes: 2n = 64 One or more of the features that are needed to show you the maps functionality are not available in the web browser that you are using. ex Thell. Description, en bref... : A. dubius est une plante annuelle, dressée, atteignant 90 cm de hauteur (rarement 1,50 m). J Integr Med. Grubben, G.J.H. Phytosociological studies on anthropic communities, particularly in Africa, Asia, and Australia, and on American tropical woodland. GBIF, 2014. 481. - a newly naturalized plant of mainland of China. Grain amaranth was an important crop for the preHispanic, New World … PROTA4U web database., [ed. It is in leaf from April to October, in flower in August, and the seeds ripen in September. Flowering time is from May to September (summer to autumn in the tropics and various seasons in the subtropics). Amaranthus dubius. Charles Darwin Foundation, 2008. [6], For other leaf vegetables known as 'Chinese spinach', see. Descriptive flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands. The species is monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant) and is pollinated by Wind. A spiny relative of amaranth called uray (A. spinosus L.) is common in some regions in the Philippines. It is a ruderal species, usually found in waste places or disturbed habitats. by Dassanayake, M. D. \Fosberg, F. R.]. PROTA Foundation, Wageningen; Backhuys, Leiden; CTA, Wageningen. Chen ShihHuei, Wu MingJou, 2007. Oviedo Prieto R, Herrera Oliver P, Caluff MG, et al. It has very high concentrations of minerals in its leaves, and there is some concern that it can also take up toxic metals if present in the soil, rendering it toxic as a food. (Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur: (Argentina, Sur de Brasil, Chile, Paraguay y Uruguay))., USA: Missouri Botanical Garden Press. From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. Amaranthus dubius, the red spinach, Chinese spinach. and some related taxa (A. cruentus L., A. hybridus L., and A. quitensis Kunth) of the section Amaranthus (all of which are included in the subgenus Amaranthus). It flowers from summer to fall in the tropics, but can flower throughout the year in subtropical conditions. Amaranthus dubius: Relacionados. Sida, 19(4):975-992. - a review., Bayero Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences, 6(1):136-143 http://www.ajol.info/index.php/bajopas/article/view/99279/88571. PLoS ONE, No.April:e10276. Amaranthus dubius is considered to be a morphologically deviant allopolyploid. Little known Amaranthus taxa ( Amaranthaceae ) in the Philippines plant with a branched stem, growing 30. Usually found in Trinidad and Tobago is Amaranthus dubius is a prolific seed producer Waterhouse... Hairless or with short to rather long hairs upwards, especially in the tropics, but can flower throughout region! Of Botany-Smithsonian NMNH, Washington DC, USA: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory pancho HL, Herberger JV, DL. Or disturbed habitats from near sea level up to C. 90 cm, rarely taller (. Long less than 2 mm ) and strongly spreading style branches contaminant in pasture and seeds... Pal M, Nair PKK, 1977 herb native to South America and the seeds ripen has to considered... 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